The Health of Nepali Migrants in India: A Qualitative Study of Lifestyles and Risks

(Featured image shows first two themes out of a total five from this research)

Authors: Pramod R. Regmi, Edwin van Teijlingen, Preeti Mahato, MSc; Nirmal Aryal, Navnita Jadhav, Padam Simkhada, Quazi Syed Zahiruddin, and Abhay Gaidhane

International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16193655, (Published Sep 2019).

Current research on Nepali migrant workers in India neglects work, lifestyle, and health care access in favor of focusing on sexual health. This article aims to gain a broader sense of migrant workers’ health by conducting focus groups and interviews. The researchers analyzed their data and determined five different themes:

  1. Accommodation
  2. Lifestyle, networking, and risk-taking behaviours
  3. Work environment
  4. Support from local organisations
  5. Health service utilisation

This qualitative study demonstrates that health risks for Nepali migrant workers’ emerge because of a wide range of factors. The authors recommend a larger quantitative study to gain more insight.

Read the full article here.

Major depressive disorder prevalence and risk factors among Syrian asylum seekers in Greece

Danielle N. Poole, Bethany Hedt-Gauthier, Shirley Liao, Nathaniel A. Raymond, & Till Bärnighausen

BMC Public Health, https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-5822-x, (Published July 2018).

This research provides necessary information on the mental health (specifically major depressive disorder or MDD) of refugees from Syria, as this information has not been collected or analyzed thoroughly as of yet. The researchers surveyed 135 Syrian refugees in a camp in Greece, specifically screening for MDD. The authors found that 44% of participants had symptoms of major depression. They found that women had an increased likelihood of MDD, and that time spent in the camp had a trend towards increased risk of depression.

“The development of depression during the asylum process is likely to undermine individual and societal functioning, which are essential for the survival and eventual resettlement of forced migrants. Depression is also likely to lead to adverse acculturation outcomes.”

To read the full article, click here.

‘And when a certain health issue happen, they try to cover it’: Stakeholder perspectives on the health of temporary foreign workers and their families

Bukola Salami, RN, PhD; Kathleen Hegadoren, RN, PhD; Anna Kirova, PhD; Salima Meherali, RN, MN, PhD; Christina Nsaliwa, PhD; & Yvonne Chiu, LLD

Social Work in Health Care, https://doi.org/10.1080/00981389.2017.1379458 (Published Sep 2017).

Like our other recent highlighted articles, this one again focuses on Alberta, Canada. This research was an exploratory study into the health and wellbeing of temporary foreign workers (TFWs) in the province.

They asked two primary research questions:

  • “What are the perspectives of stakeholders on the health and well-being of TFWs and their families in Alberta?”
  • “What do they see as potential threats to child and family health in this population?”

The authors found that stakeholders perceive TFWs as experiencing several different types of specific health challenges: mental health, family health, and occupational health. They also found that workers confront barriers in accessing mental health services as well as the fact that income and social status are social determinants of health.

If you wish to read the rest of the article, click here. Institutional access restrictions apply.

Sense of community belonging among immigrants: perspective of immigrant service providers

B. Salami, J. Salma, K. Hegadoren, S. Meherali, T. Kolawole, E. Diaz

Public Health, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2018.10.017 (Published Feb 2019)

In this article, authors interviewed immigrant service providers in Alberta, Canada, to discuss how their clients experience belonging on a day-to-day basis. The research showed that there are two different groups within which migrants experience belonging; their specific ethnocultural group, and the mainstream society of Canada. The researchers saw that migrants feel more belonging in an ethnic group before becoming comfortable with people who live near them. The authors argue that lack of ethnocultural diversity in local organizations adds to this distance from Canadian society.

If you wish to read the rest of the article, click here. Institutional access restrictions apply.

MHADRI Bibliometric project

Assessing the current status of research activity and identifying gaps in research output in international and internal migration and health is an important step in mapping the evidence-base in migration health.  Through bibliometric analysis, indicators of published literature in global migration health pertaining to migrants across different categories. Further sub-set analysis along geographic clusters and by health themes such as mental health, malaria, tuberculosis and migration may also be investigated. While there are limitations, bibliometrics allows analysis of size, growth patterns, distributions and mapping of global research productivity.

Patterns in publications, authorship analysis, geographical distribution, international research collaboration, important themes discussed, and highly cited articles in the health of migrants can be examined. Bibliometrics is also an important first step in undertaking systematic review.  

In 2018, MHADRI network members and IOM undertook a Bibliometric analysis of global migration health research. The data showed gaps in the research productivity ‘heat map’ at global level. Two migration health research workshops held in Nepal and South Africa in 2019 facilitated by a coalition of organizations (IOM, ACMS, QMUL-Migration&Health South Asia network and MHADRI) highlighted the importance of undertaking national, sub-regional and regional ‘deep dives’ into mapping migration health research output for both international and internal migrants.

A pilot bibliometric training workshop will be held in Manila, Philippines in November 2019, with the aim of engaging scholars from the South Asian region to build their skills and capacities to undertake such bibliometric analysis.

Workshop objectives

Framework synthesis:

  • Developing a conceptual framework to guide Bibliometric analysis at national, sub-regional and regional levels – for South & South East Asia  
  • Framework to guide Bibliometric analysis on Health Assessments for Migrants and Refugees

Skills development:

  • To provide an overview and technical instruction on performing an in-depth bibliometric analysis of migration and health-related publications using Scopus.
  • To discuss the use of appropriate visualization tools and software in data representation and reporting.
  • To provide guidance on structuring publications resulting from the bibliometric analysis.
  • To define a framework combining bibliometric review with more conceptual-theoretical and critical review to synthesize thematic and empirical gaps in knowledge.

Opportunity to participate in identifying key migration and health research priorities

A Delphi will be conducted among MHADRI members, with the aim of identifying key research priorities and research questions on migration and health at subnational, national, sub-regional, regional and global levels.

Please encourage other migration and health researchers to join MHADRI to ensure that we access as many voices as possible in this important process.

Any person who has or is currently undertaking research on advancing knowledge on any aspect(s) of the relationship between migration and health is eligible to be MHADRI network member.  We particularly encourage researchers based in low- and middle-income contexts to join MHADRI.